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Biography of Jean MATTEI for his 100th Birthday
Jean Mattei During Internoise 88 in Avignon

Jean was born on 21 September of 1920 in Felletin (a small town in the center of France, close to Aubusson, famous for its tapestries) in a family originated from the Mediterranean Corsica Island (the native land of Napoleon Bonaparte). His father, a civil servant and his mother, a teacher, soon moved to Paris which they had to leave after the German invasion in 1939. In 1941, Jean came back to Paris to study at Sorbonne University and specialized in fluid mechanics in the laboratory of Joseph Pérès at Ecole Normale Supérieure, under the authority of Professor Yves Rocard a well-known physicist considered as the father of the French atomic bomb.

There, he joined the French Résistance and became a Captain of the FFI (Forces Françaises de l'Intérieur) in charge of the Versailles-Rambouillet Sector. Late August 1944 his group opened the way to the French Capital for the Allied Forces (and more specifically to the French Second Armored Division, under the command of Général Leclerc) leading to the Liberation of Paris.

Then he enrolled in the 10th French Division of General Billotte, integrated in the Patton Army, spent Christmas 1944 in Belgium and, during the following winter, took part in the Alsace Campaign. From 1945 to 1946 in the context of the occupation of Germany by the Allies, he participated to the French Commission of Control in Berlin where he had the opportunity to recruit German scientists. There, he met Muriel a journalist, member of the British Commission who became his dear wife. At the demand of Yves Rocard, he was affected to the Ministry of War in the telecommunications domain which led him to join the TELECOM School of Engineering where he graduated in 1949. In 1952 he joined ONERA (the French Aeronautical Center) in the Acoustics Division led by Pierre Liénard where he studied ballistic waves.

In 1957 he was hired by EDF (Electricité de France), soon became Head of the Acoustics Division and later Head of the Acoustics and Vibration Department (the Acoustic Division being under the responsibility of Paul François and later of Jacques Delcambre and the Vibration Division under André Jaudet). There he developed strong competences in the domains of machinery acoustics and environmental noise as well as new tools for vibroacoustic studies as sound intensity. He was named Scientific Advisor of EDF in 1982.

When being at EDF and even later, Jean was involved in major French and international activities linked with Noise Control Engineering: During 20 years he chaired the Acoustics Commission of AFNOR, the French Standardization Body (with a production of over 100 standards in the domain) and he was also involved in ISO TC 43 "Acoustics" activities where he established strong personal links with several members (Bill Lang, Gerhardt Hubner, etc.)

Jean Mattei During Internoise 88 in Avignon

At the end of the sixties he became President of GALF (Association of French Speaking Acousticians which later became SFA, the French Acoustical Society). There he developed GAIE, the Industrial and Environmental Acoustics Group which would become Member of International-INCE. In 1975 he was the Executive President of the FASE Colloquium on Machinery and Environmental Noise, the first European Congress of Acoustics organized in Paris by the Federation of European Acoustical Societies. In 1969 he became a member of the ICA (International Commission of Acoustics, the seventh commission of IUPAP). He served as the Chairman from 1972 to 1975, and, in 1983 organized the 11th ICA Congress in Paris as General Secretary. In the meantime, he was named Corresponding Member of INCE-USA.

From 1975 to 1988 Jean was Director-at-Large of International INCE and in 1988 he chaired the Internoise Congress, held in Avignon where he was proud to welcome in the famous Palais des Papes over 800 delegates from 45 countries. He continued to serve the Noise Control Engineering Community in participating in the I-INCE Board, also encouraging the foundation of INCE/Europe and the organization of international meetings.

Jean had and still has a passion: sailing. He used to own (successively!), not less than 5 boats that he sailed through the Mediterranean See and Atlantic Ocean. In the last decade he boarded several sailing cruises all over the globe such as: Red Sea to Indian Ocean, Valparaiso to Singapore, Greenland to Alaska ... Jean has always been a strong willing person, setting high standards for himself as well as for others, with a deep sense of friendship and loyalty.

He has brought to the French and International Noise Control Community a vivid impulse to increase its development and worldwide recognition. Jean Mattei was awarded the French Medal of Resistance and named Chevalier de la Légion d'Honneur.

(Jean Tourret May 2020),

William (Bill) W. Lang passed ( born 1926 died 23 October 2016)
Bill Lang

It is with great sadness that we advise William (Bill) W. Lang passed away on 23 October 2016 at the age of 90. Bill suffered a stroke on October 13th just after attending a workshop in a series of workshops following up on the "Technology for a Quieter America" - an effort that he was so instrumental in developing, advocating, and advancing.

Bill held a special place for I-INCE. He was the founding member of I-INCE, a director 1975 to 1987 and then served as President 1988 to 2000 and remained on the Board of Directors up until this time. He will also be remembered for his involvement in International noise policy along with George Maling and Tor Kihlman. He was tireless and ever optimistic in his pursuit of Noise Control Engineering and shaping national and international policy to advance the application of this technology.

He will be missed greatly by those who worked with him, those that knew him, those who followed his efforts to affect a quieter world, indeed all those involved with I-INCE. We are awaiting a formal obituary and in the meantime you may be interested to view an oral history of Bill Lang.

A link to Bill Lang Obituary is available here

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Leo Beranek, 1914 - 2016, We mourn his passing but we celebrate his life and his work.

Leo Beranek, a Massachusetts renaissance man; scientist, teacher, entrepreneur, television executive, philanthropist, author, died in Westwood, Massachusetts, on October 10, 2016 at age 102 after a long and extraordinarily productive life. He leaves his wife Gabriella, sons James K. Beranek of Cedar Rapids, Iowa and Thomas B. Haynes of Chicago, Illinois and granddaughter, Antonia Hsu Haynes. He was predeceased by Phyllis Knight Beranek, his wife of 42 years. A recently written autobiography made available through his request is available here.

 

A 1936 graduate of Cornell College (Iowa) with a B.A. degree in Physics and Mathematics Beranek went on to graduate school in the Applied Physics Department of Harvard University where he received his D. Sc. Degree in 1940 in the field of acoustics.

Beranek stayed at Harvard during World War II as Director of two laboratories; first the Electro-Acoustic Laboratory, which dealt with voice communication in combat vehicles, and then the Systems Research Laboratory, whose mission was to improve the U. S. Navy's ability to combat Japanese Kamikaze aircraft attacks. At the war's end President Harry S. Truman issued Beranek a "Certificate of Merit" for his contributions to the war effort. After WWII Beranek became Associate Professor of Communication Engineering at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology where he taught courses in electrical engineering and acoustics. His seminal textbook, ACOUSTICS, was published in 1956, forever changing the teaching of acoustics to engineers.

In 1948, the acoustical consulting firm Bolt Beranek and Newman was formed with Beranek as President. Its first projects were the acoustics and sound systems in the United Nations buildings in New York, followed by NASA's jet engine test facility in Cleveland. NASA's first test of a new supersonic jet engine created such a loud noise for miles around that the City of Cleveland shut it down. Successfully solving the problem, Beranek designed and saw built the world's largest acoustic muffler, which was featured in LIFE magazine (6/11/51).

In the Fall of 1958 BBN began work for the (then called) Port of New York Authority (PNYA) which operated the JFK (then called Idlewild) airport serving New York City. Pan American Airlines had requested permission to fly the Boeing 707 (the first jet-passenger airplane) from JFK, but the PNYA said that the plane must not produce more noise in the neighborhoods around the airport than that produced by existing propeller aircraft. Beranek and his team determined that the Boeing 707 was so noisy its engines had to be equipped with heavy mufflers and follow a prescribed takeoff procedure in order to meet the PNYA's dictum.

In 1965, under Beranek's leadership, BBN became the vanguard of the digital age by putting together one of the best computer software groups in the East. In 1968 the Advanced Research Project Agency (ARPA) awarded BBN a contract to build a network to hook together 19 large-scale computers of different makes, different program languages, and in different locations. To do this BBN invented the ARPANET which consisted of 19 "Interface Message Processors (IMP's)", each of which was associated with one of the 19 main-frame computers. In the network, signals traveled from one IMP to another, and each IMP acted as the interpreter of messages that went to and from its associated main-frame computer. The first message between two IMP's and their associated computers was sent in September 1969. In 1971 BBN invented e-mail with "g" as we know it today. The ARPANET grew and when it reached about 500 users it was split in two and rejoined by the TCP/IP protocol. This occurred on January 1, 1983 and that is the official birth date of the INTERNET. Other networks soon joined and today people around the world enjoy the fruits of this invention.

Beranek left BBN in 1969 to become President of Boston Broadcasters Inc., which, after a long court battle, took over operation of Channel 5-TV in 1972 using the call letters WCVB. The programming at WCVB was so improved that the New York Times in 1981 carried a full page article headed "Some say this is America's best TV station". The station was later sold to Metromedia.

After his foray into broadcasting, Beranek returned to acoustics. Among others, he consulted on five concert halls and an opera house in Japan. Among them was the Tokyo Opera City Concert Hall, which was hailed as an "acoustical 'miracle" on the front page of the New York Times [4/18/2000]. The Hall, which opened in September 1997, is now considered one of the five best concert halls acoustically in the world.

PUBLICATIONS: Beranek published 185 technical papers and thirteen books, the last four of which are: Concert Halls and Opera Houses (Springer 2004); Noise and Vibration Control Engineering (with co-author) (Wiley 2006), Riding the Waves (autobiography) (MIT Press 2010), and Acoustics: Sound Fields and Transducers (with co-author) (Elsevier 2014).

PUBLIC SERVICE: Beranek served the Boston Symphony Orchestra as a member and chairman of the Board of Overseers and later as member and Chairman of the Board of Trustees (1968-1988). He was fulltime president of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences for five years. The alumni of Harvard University voted him a member of their senior governing body, the Board of Overseers, for six years, He also served as President of the Acoustical Society of America and the Audio Engineering Society. Both the Museum of Fine Arts Boston and the Boston Symphony Orchestra list Beranek and his wife as major financial benefactors.

HONORS: Member, National Academy of Engineering; Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences; Fellow, American Physical Society; Honorary Member, American Institute of Architects; Fellow, Institute of IEEE. AWARDS:2003 National Medal of Science (Presented by President George W. Bush); IEEE Founders Medal; Gold Medals from the Acoustical Society of America, Audio Engineering Society, and American Society of Mechanical Engineers; Lifetime Achievement Award from the International Commission on Acoustics; and the Abe Lincoln TV Award (Top USA Award for TV Management). from the Radio and TV Commission.

HONORARY DOCTORATES: Worcester Polytechnic Institute; Northeastern University; Suffolk University; Cornell College (Iowa); Emerson College.

I-INCE Symposium, "Noisy Motorcycles - An Environmental Quality-of-Life Issue"

The proceedings of 2012 I-INCE Symposium on "Noisy Motorcycles - An Environmental Quality-of-Life Issue" are now available via a comprehensive report “Noisy Motorcycles – An Environmental Quality of Life Issue”. The report is available on-line by selecting this link .

The Young Scientist Grant Process

The Young Scientist Grant is for students and young professionals relatively early in their careers (typically less than 10 years of active career). They can be either undergraduate or postgraduate students, postdoctoral, or young acousticians or noise control engineers working in industry. Preference will be given to students. All guidelines can be found at the I-INCE website www.i-ince.org. Look for the button on the left-hand side that says "Young Professionals." The I-INCE board has allocated funds to support eighteen grants, each having a value of 500 EUR. The YS Grant will include complimentary registration for the congress. The remainder of the 500 EUR grant will be available at the time of the congress as a contribution to partially cover travel and accommodation expenses. Notification of the award of the prestigious YS Grant may be used to assist with obtaining additional funding from other sources.

I-INCE REPORT ON NOISE CONTROL ENGINEERING EDUCATION

Three workshops were held during 2007 and 2008 on noise control engineering education:

  1. "U.S. Education in Noise Control Engineering", held during NOISE-CON 2007 in Reno, Nevada, 2007 October 23.
  2. "European Education in Noise Control Engineering", held during ICA2007 MADRID in Madrid, Spain, 2007 September 4.
  3. "Asia-Pacific Education in Noise Control Engineering", held during INTER-NOISE 2008 in, Shanghai, China, 2008 October 27.

Following each of these workshops a source book was written and distributed to panelists, attendees, and other interested individuals. The three articles then underwent additional copy editing, and were published in three issues of Noise/News International (NNI). This single PDF file contains the three articles as extracted from the issues of NNI.

Further, readers may be interested in Chapter 9 ("Education Supply and Industry Demand for Noise Control Specialists", pp. 121-130) of the book entitled, Technology for a Quieter America, National Academies Press (2010), available online here.

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